Martin Luther, Commentary on Galatians
Dr. Rod Rosenbladt
Introduction & Preface
Vss. 8-9 Formerly, when you did not know God, you were in bondage to beings that by nature are no gods; but now that you have come to know God, or rather to be known by God, how can you turn back again to the weak and beggarly elements, whose slaves you want to be once more?
This is the conclusion of Paul’s argument.
From here until the end of the epistle he will not argue very much but will set forth commandments about morality.
Where does certainty come from?
Paul: I did not proclaim the works of the Law & the merits of men to you; I proclaimed righteousness & the free gift of eternal & heavenly possessions to you through Christ.
Vs. 11 – I am afraid I have labored over you in vain.
Paul deeply troubled by Galatians, would have like to have written even more severely, but afraid it would only irritate them (AE 26: 412)
Luther: so he softens his words, handles the Galatians with gentleness & fatherly care,
transfers practically all the blame to himself